Publication Type:Working papers
Keywords:European Parliament, political groups
Many of the members of the European Parliament are affiliated to a European political group. In some cases a European political group is the formal representation of a European political party; in other cases it is a political coalition of a number of European parties, national parties and independent MEPs.
The vote share of European political groups varies from country to country. There are European Political Groups demonstrating significant power in almost every member state (i.e. the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats [S&D]). On the other hand, there are European political groups which include members from a limited number of member states. For instance, the European Conservatives and Reformists Group (ECR) includes representatives from only 8 states. More than 90% of the MEPs of this political group have been elected in only 3 states. Another example is the Europe of Freedom and Democracy (EFD) with members from only 9 member-states.
Using correspondence analysis to the results of the 2004 and 2009 elections for the European Parliament in all European Union member states we analyze the profiles of the European Political Groups. These profiles are further explored with findings from the analysis of data from the European Election Studies. The analysis also reveals the dimensions of political competition in the European Parliament, the profiles of the member states of EU and it leads to the identification of similarities between member states based on the power of the European political groups in them.